WARNING You should call your doctor immediately if you develop any side effect while taking a drug. If you do develop side effects it is vitally important that you speak to your doctor before you stop taking your pills. Remember that this list of side effects isnít complete - you can develop virtually any side effect with virtually any drug - and remember too that some of these side effects are quite uncommon and many patients can take a drug without getting any side effects. Always follow your doctorís advice about how and when to take a drug - and if you are in any doubt at all then ask for a second opinion. The fact that one drug may be accompanied by a long list of possible side effects does not mean that it is necessarily more or less dangerous or more or less likely to produce problems than a drug which has a shorter list of possible side effects.



ACEPRIL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension and congestive heart failure and following myocardial infarction.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually twice or three times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: angioedema involving the extremities, face lips, mucous membranes, tongue, glottis or larynx; neutropenia, anaemia and thrombocytopenia; proteinuria, elevated blood urea and creatinine, elevated serum potassium and acidosis, hypotension and tachycardia. Skin rashes, usually pruritic, may occur - these are usually mild, maculopapular, rarely urticarial and disappear within a few days of dosage reduction, short-term treatment with an antihistamine and/or discontinuing therapy. In a few cases the rash has been associated with fever. Pruritus, flushing, vesicular or bullous rash, photosensitivity; self-limiting taste impairment and weight loss may be associated with the loss of taste; stomatitis, resembling aphthous ulcers; elevation of liver enzymes; gastric irritation, abdominal pain.


ACHROMYCIN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of infections - including chest infections and acne.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually four times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, skin problems, raised intracranial pressure.


ACICLOVIR TABLETS

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of herpes simplec virus infections of the skin and mucous membranes including initial and recurrent genital herpes.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Tablets should usually be taken five times daily at approximately four-hourly intervals omitting the night-time dose. Treatment should continue for five days, but in severe initial infections this may have to be extended.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Skin rashes; gastro-intestinal effects including nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and abdominal pains; reversible neurological reactions, notably dizziness, confusional states, hallucinations and somnolence; accelerated diffuse hair loss; mild, transient rises in bilirubin and liver-related enzymes, small increases in blood urea and creatinine, small decreases in haemotological indices; headaches.


ADALAT RETARD

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of hypertension and the prophylaxia of angina pectoris.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually one tablet twice-daily.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Headache, flushing, tachycardia, palpitations, gravitational oedema; paraesthesia, dizziness, lethargy, rash, pruritis, urticaria.


ADIFAX

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: To help weight loss in severe obesity.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually twice a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Dry mouth, nausea, constipation, diarrhoea, drowsiness, dizziness, urinary frequency, headache, mood disturbances, weakness, insomnia, symptoms of depression, nervousness and conjunctivitis.


ADIZEM

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: Management of angina pectoris and treatment of mild to moderate hypertension.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually three times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Nausea, headache, skin rashes, oedema of the legs, flushing, hypotension, fatigue, bradycardia, changes in liver function tests and renal function.


AEROLIN AUTOHALER

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of asthma and similar conditions.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Available as a breath actuated metered dose aerosol.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Fine muscle tremor, headache, increase in heart rate, muscle cramps.


ALLOPURINOL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of gout and renal stones.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: The dosage is adjusted by monitoring serum urate concentrations and urinary urate/uric acid levels.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Skin reactions may be pruritic, maculopapular, sometimes scaly, sometimes pupuric and rarely exfoliative; fever, lymphadenopathy, arthralgia and/or eosinophilia resembling Stevens-Johnson and/or Lyell Syndrome; hepatitis, interstitial nephritis, epilepsy; angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy; granulomatous hepatitis, without overt evidence of more generalised hypersensitivity; nausea and vomiting; recurrent haematemesis, steatorrhoea; thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis and aplastic anaemia; fever, general malaise, asthenia, headache, vertigo, ataxia, somnolence, coma, depression, paralysis, paraesthesiae, neuropathy, visual disorder, cataract, macular changes, taste peversion, stomatitis, changed bowel habit, infertility, impotence, nocturnal emission, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipaemia, furunculosis, alopecia, discoloured hair, angina, hypertension, bradycardia, oedema, uraemia, haematuria, gynaecomastia.


ALU-CAP

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of too much stomach acid.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually around four times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Constipation.


ALUDROX

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of peptic ulceration, dyspepsia, too much stomach acid.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually around four times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Constipation.


ALUMINIUM HYDROXIDE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of peptic ulceration, dyspepsia, too much stomach acid.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually around four times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Constipation.


AMFIPEN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of a wide range of infections caused by ampicillin-sensitive organisms.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually four times daily.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Pseudomembranous colitis; skin reactions may be due to either penicillin hypersensitivity (urticarial rash) or specific ampicillin sensitivity (erythematous rash); diarrhoea. Superinfection by resistant organisms may occur following prolonged use.


AMITRIPTYLINE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of depression in adults.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually one tablet or capsule last thing at night. It is also available as injection and syrup.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Dry mouth, blurred vision, dizziness, fainting, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, appetite loss, diarrhoea, constipation, difficulty in passing urine, tiredness, headache, hair loss, palpitations, sweating, tremors, rashes, confusion, disorientation, nightmares, delusions, restlessness, hallucinations, convulsions, sexual problems and irregular heart rhythms. Sudden withdrawal has been reported to cause nausea, headache and malaise.


AMLODIPINE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of high blood pressure and heart pain.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once a day

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Oedema, headache, nausea, fatigue, flushing, dizziness.


AMOXIL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of many different infections - including those affecting the chest, the bladder and the ear.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Commonly in capsule or tablet form, two or three times a day - but also available as a liquid or injection.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Diarrhoea, indigestion, skin rash.


AMOXYCILLIN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of many different infections - including those affecting the chest, the bladder and the ear.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Commonly in capsule or tablet form two or three times a day - but also available as a liquid or injection.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS: Diarrhoea, indigestion, skin rash.


APRINOX

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: To get rid of fluid (prescribed for disorders as varied as swollen legs, heart failure and high blood pressure).

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually mornings (so that you don't have to pass urine at night).

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Dizziness, skin rashes, impotence, appetite loss, blood dyscrasias including agranulocytosis, aplastic anaemia, thrombocytopenia, leucopenia; pancreatitis.


ATENOLOL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: Management of hypertension, angina pectoris, cardia arrhythmias, myocardial infarction.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once or twice daily.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Bradycardia, heart failure deterioration, postural hypotension which may be associated with syncope, cold extremities; precipitation of heart block, intermitten claudication, raynaud's phenomenon; confusion, dizziness, headache, mood changes, nightmares, psychoses and hallucinations, sleep disturbances of the type noted with other beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs; dry mouth, gastro-intestinal disturbances; purpura, thrombocytopenia; alopecia, dry eyes, psoriasiform skin reaction, exacerbation of psoriasis, skin rashes; paraesthesia; bronchospasm may occur in patients with bronchial asthma or a history of asthmatic complaints; visual disturbances; fatigue.


ATIVAN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of anxiety; recommended for short-term use of up to 4 weeks.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: For moderate and severe anxiety commonly 1-4mg daily in divided doses. As with all benzodiazepines long-term use may lead to dependence and withdrawal symptoms in certain patients. All patients taking Ativan should be carefully monitored and routine repeat prescriptions should be avoided. Treatment in all patients should be withdrawn gradually with careful monitoring and reassessment to minimise possible withdrawal symptoms. Patients who have taken benzodiazepines for a long time may require a longer period during which doses are reduced. The elderly may respond to lower doses and half the normal adult dose or less may be sufficient.

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: Daytime drowsiness; confusion, headache, dizziness, depression, change in appetite and sleep disturbance; blood dyscrasias and abnormal liver function tests; visual disturbances, hypotension, gastro-intestinal disturbances, skin rashes. The use of benzodiazepines may release suicidal tendencies in depressed patients. Ativan should not be used alone to treat depression.



AUGMENTIN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of infection.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually three times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Diarrhoea, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, candidiasis, skin rash.




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