WARNING You should call your doctor immediately if you develop any side effect while taking a drug. If you do develop side effects it is vitally important that you speak to your doctor before you stop taking your pills. Remember that this list of side effects isnít complete - you can develop virtually any side effect with virtually any drug - and remember too that some of these side effects are quite uncommon and many patients can take a drug without getting any side effects. Always follow your doctorís advice about how and when to take a drug - and if you are in any doubt at all then ask for a second opinion. The fact that one drug may be accompanied by a long list of possible side effects does not mean that it is necessarily more or less dangerous or more or less likely to produce problems than a drug which has a shorter list of possible side effects.



CALPOL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of mild to moderate pain (including teething pain) and as antipyretic in children.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Dosage tailored to the patient's age and needs.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Skin rashes and other allergic reactions; thrombocytopenic purpura, haemolytic anaemia and agranulocytosis; liver damage.


CANESTEN HC

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of fungal infections.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Thinly and evenly applied to the affected area twice daily and rubbed in gently.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Local mild burning or irritation immediately after applying the cream. Hypersensitivity reactions may occur.


CAPOTEN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension and congestive heart failure and following myocardial infarction.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually twice or three times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Angioedema involvoing the extremeties, face lips, mucous membranes, tongue, glottis or larynx; neutropenia, anaemia and thrombocytopenia, proteinuria, elevated blood urea and creatinine, elevated serum potassium and acidosis, hypotension and tachycardia. Skin rashes, usually pruritic, may occur - these are usually mild, maculopapular, rarely uticarial and disappear within a few days of dosage reduction, short-term treatment with an antihistamine and/or discontinuing therapy. In a few cases the rash has been associated with fever. Pruritis, flushing, vesicular or bullous rash, photosensitivity; self-limiting taste impairment, weight loss may be associated with the loss of taste; stomatitis, resembling apthous ulcers; elevation of liver enzymes; gastric irritation, abdonimal pain.


CAPTOPRIL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension and congestive heart failure and following myocardial infarction.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually twice or three times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Angioedema involvoing the extremeties, face lips, mucous membranes, tongue, glottis or larynx; neutropenia, anaemia and thrombocytopenia, proteinuria, elevated blood urea and creatinine, elevated serum potassium and acidosis, hypotension and tachycardia. Skin rashes, usually pruritic, may occur - these are usually mild, maculopapular, rarely uticarial and disappear within a few days of dosage reduction, short-term treatment with an antihistamine and/or discontinuing therapy. In a few cases the rash has been associated with fever. Pruritis, flushing, vesicular or bullous rash, photosensitivity; self-limiting taste impairment, weight loss may be associated with the loss of taste; stomatitis, resembling apthous ulcers; elevation of liver enzymes; gastric irritation, abdonimal pain.


CARACE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension) and heart failure.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once a day; the dosage depends upon the patientís condition and symptoms.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Hypotension; angioneurotic oedema of the face, extremities, lips, tongue, glottis and/or larynx; dizziness, headache, diarrhoea, fatigue, cough and nausea; rash, and asthenia; myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident possibly secondary to excessive hypotension in high-risk patients, palpitation, tachycardia, pancreatitis, abdominal pain, dry mouth, hepatitis (hepatocellular or cholestatic), mood alterations, mental confusion, urticaria, diaphoresis, uraemia, oliguria/anuria, renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, impotence; haemolytic anaemia; symptom complex which may include fever, vasculitis, myalgia arthralgia/arthritis, a positive ANA, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, eosinophilia, and leucocytosis; photosensitivity.


CARBAMAZEPINE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of epilepsy and the pain of trigeminal neuralgia.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually two or three times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Dizziness, ataxia, drowsiness, fatigue, headache, blurred vision, depression, hallucinations, appetite loss, agitation, confusion, allergic skin reactions, leucopenia, nausea, vomiting.


CARDURA

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of high blood pressure.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Once a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS INCLUDE: Dizziness, vertigo, fatigue, headache, asthenia, fatigue and oedema.


CAVED-S

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For treatment of peptic ulcer.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: The tablets should be taken between meals.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Mild diarrhoea; effects of acute bismuth intoxication, as observed after intramuscular injection of bismuth salts, include gastrointestinal disturbances, anorexia, headache, malaise, skin reactions, discolourations of mucous membranes, mild jaundice; if albuminuria or stomatitis occurs, therapy should be immediately withdrawn as serious ulceration stomatitis or renal failure may result. A reversible neurological syndrome, characterised by deterioration of mental ability, confusion, tremor and impaired co-ordination has occurred in colostomy and ileostomy patients after long-term oral intake of more than 5 gm per day of bismuth salts. Intestinal bacteria may reduce bismuth subnitrite to nitrite, causing nitrite poisoning with sufficiently large doses.


CEPOREX

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of the following conditions when caused by susceptible bacteria: respiratory tract infections; ear, nose and throat infections; urinary tract infections; gynaecological and obstetric infections; skin, soft-tissue and bone infections; gonorrhoea and dental infections. As prophylaxis treatment for patients with heart disease undergoing dental treatment as an alternative to penicillin.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Available as tablets, capsules, syrup and paediatric drops. Usually, for most infections: 1 gm twice a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Gastro-intestinal disturbances such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea; pseudomembranous colitis; prolonged use may lead to overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms, e.g., candida which may present as vulvo-vaginitis; reversible neutropenia, drug rashes both urticarial and maculopapular; severe skin reactions, toxic epidermal necrolysis (exanthematic necrolysis), and hypersensitivity reactions including angioedema and anaphylaxis; reversible interstitial nephritis.


CHLOROMYCETIN OPHTHALMIC

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually two drops or a small amount of the ointment applied to the affected eye every three hours or more frequently if required. Treatment should be continued for at least 48 hours after the eye appears normal.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Bone-marrow hypoplasia, including aplastic anaemia.


CHLORPROMZINE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of violent behaviour, nausea and vomiting of terminal illness, schizophrenia, hiccups.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually three a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Liver problems, hypotension, heart problems, blood problems, tremor and other symptoms of Parkinsonism, rashes, sensitivity to sunlight.


CIMETIDINE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of ulcers in the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once or twice a day for at least a month.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Diarrhoea, dizziness, rash, tiredness, swollen breasts in men, liver damage.


CIPROFLOXACIN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of infections.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually twice a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Nausea, diarrhoea, vomiting, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, headache, restlessness, rash, dizziness, pruritis, convulsions, confusion, hallucinations, liver problems, kidney problems.


CIPROXIN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of infections.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually twice a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Nausea, diarrhoea, vomiting, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, headache, restlessness, rash, dizziness, pruritis, convulsions, confusion, hallucinations, liver problems, kidney problems.


CISAPRIDE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of dyspepsia, bloating, heartburn, etc.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually three times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, headaches, lightheadedness.


CLINORIL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of arthritis.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually twice a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Gastro-intestinal pain, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, constipation, flatulence, anorexia, dizziness, headache, nervousness, tinnitus, rash, vertigo, insomnia, sweating, convulsions, depression, psychosis, aseptic meningitis, blood problems, liver problems, kidney problems, heart problems, visual disturbances, decreased hearing, metallic or bitter taste.


CLOMID

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of infertility.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Ovarian enlargement, vasomotor flushes, abdominal-pelvic discomfort, nausea and vomiting, breast discomfort, visual symptoms, headache, intermenstrual spotting or menorrhagia.


CLOMIPHENE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of infertility.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Ovarian enlargement, vasomotor flushes, abdominal-pelvic discomfort, nausea and vomiting, breast discomfort, visual symptoms, headache, intermenstrual spotting or menorrhagia.


CO-DYDRAMOL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of mild to moderate pain.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: One to two tablets every four to six hours as required. The maximum should be eight tablets daily.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Constipation, nausea and headache.


CO-PROXAMOL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the management of mild to moderate pain.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually two tablets three to four times daily. Patients should not normally exceed the recommended dose. Fatalities within the first hour of overdosage are not uncommon and can occur within 15 minutes. Some deaths have occurred as a consequence of the accidental ingestion of excessive quantities of this drug alone, or in combination with other drugs.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Dizziness, sedation, nausea and vomiting; constipation, abdominal pain, rashes, light-headedness, headache, weakness, euphoria, dysphoria, hallucinations and minor visual disturbances. Co-proxamol is not suitable for patients who are suicidal or addiction-prone. when taken in higher than recommended doses over long periods of time the drug can produce drug dependence.


COLPERMIN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of symptoms of discomfort and of abdominal colic and distension experienced by patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Also for the treatment of intestinal spasm secondary to other gastro-intestinal disorders, e.g. diverticular disease.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually one capsule three times a day, taken 30-60 minutes before food with a small quantity of water. The capsules should not be taken immediately after food. the dose may be increased to two capsules, three times a day when discomfort is more severe. The capsules should be taken until symptoms resolve, usually within one or two weeks. At times when symptoms are more persistent, the capsules can be continued for longer periods of between two to three months.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Occasional heartburn, perianal irritation; allergic reactions to menthol, which include erythematous skin rash, headache, bradycardia, muscle tremor and ataxia.


CORACTEN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For treatment of heart pain and high blood pressure.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: To be taken orally with a little fluid.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Headache, dizziness, flushing, nausea, lethargy, increased frequency of passing urine, dyspepsia, heartburn, palpitation, eye pain, depression.


CORDILOX

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of heart problems and high blood pressure.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually two or three times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Constipation, flushing, headaches, nausea, vomiting.


CYTOTEC

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For healing of ulcers, including those caused by anti arthritis drugs.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually two, three or four times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Diarrhoea, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, flatulence, nausea and vomiting, menorrhagia, vaginal bleeding and intermenstrual bleeding, skin rashes, dizziness.




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