WARNING

You should call your doctor immediately if you develop any side effect while taking a drug. If you do develop side effects it is vitally important that you speak to your doctor before you stop taking your pills. Remember that this list of side effects isnít complete - you can develop virtually any side effect with virtually any drug - and remember too that some of these side effects are quite uncommon and many patients can take a drug without getting any side effects. Always follow your doctorís advice about how and when to take a drug - and if you are in any doubt at all then ask for a second opinion. The fact that one drug may be accompanied by a long list of possible side effects does not mean that it is necessarily more or less dangerous or more or less likely to produce problems than a drug which has a shorter list of possible side effects.



LABETALOL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of high blood pressure and heart pain.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually twice a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Headache, tiredness, dizziness, depressed mood, lethargy, nasal congestion, sweating, ankle swelling, tingling sensation in the scalp, acute retention of urine, difficulty in passing urine, ejaculatory failure, epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, rash, itching, difficulty in breathing, heart block and jaundice.


LACIDIPINE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of high blood pressure.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Flushing, dizziness, headache, palpitations, asthenia, rash, chest pain, gastric upset, nausea.


LACTULOSE SOLUTION BP

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the management of constipation

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Initially twice a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Flatulence and diarrhoea.


LANOXIN

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the management of heart failure.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Dosage tailored for each patient's needs.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, breast enlargement in men, weakness, apathy, fatigue, malaise, headache, visual disturbances, depression, psychosis, skin rashes, heart irregularities.


LARGACTIL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: Many indications including: violent behaviour, nausea and vomiting of terminal illness, schizophrenia, hiccups.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually three times a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Liver problems, hypotension, heart problems, blood problems, tremor and other symptoms of Parkinsonism, rashes, sensitivity to sunlight.


LASIX

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the management of retained fluid/increasing urine flow.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Initially once a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Nausea, malaise, gastric upset, headache, low blood pressure, muscle cramps, skin rash.


LENTIZOL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For treatment of symptoms of depressive illness especially where sedation is required.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Commonly a single dose at night by mouth. In the elderly (over 65 years) the initial dose should be increased with caution under close supervision. Half the normal maintenance dose may be sufficient to produce a satisfactory clinical response. The elderly are particularly liable to experience adverse reactions especially agitation, confusion and postural hypotension. As improvement may not occur during the first two to fourweeks of treatment, patients should be closely monitored during this period.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Impaired alertness; cardiac arrhythmias and severe hypotension; excessive perspiration; dryness of mouth, blurred vision, constipation, tachycardia and urinary retention; postural hypotension, skin rashes; interference with sexual function, nausea, anorexia and dizziness; drowsiness; depression of the bone marrow, including agranulocytosis; hypomania, peripheral neuropathy; paralytic ileus. Withdrawal symptoms may occur on abrupt cessation of therapy and include insomnia, irritability and excessive perspiration.


LESCOL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: To lower blood cholesterol.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Dyspepsia, abdominal pain, flatulence, nausea, insomnia, headache.


LISINOPRIL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension) and heart failure.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once a day; the dosage depends upon the patientís condition.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Hypotension; angioneurotic oedema of the face, extremeties, lips, tongue, glottis and/or larynx; dizziness, headache, diarrhoea, fatigue, cough and nausea; rash, and asthenia; myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident possibly secondary to excessive hypotension in high-risk patients, palpitation, tachycardia, pancreatitis, abdominal pain, dry mouth, hepatitis (hepatocellular or cholestatic), mood alterations, mental confusion, urticaria, diaphoresis, uraemia, oliguria/anuria, renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, impotence; haemolytic anaemia; symptom complex which may include fever, vasculitis, myalgia arthralgia/arthritis, a positive ANA, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, eosinophilia, and leucocytosis; photosensitivity.


LITHIUM CARBONATE

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of mania, hypomania and some depressioins.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once or twice a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Anorexia, diarrhoea, vomiting, muscle weakness, lack of coordination, drowsiness, lethargy, giddiness, tinnitus, blurred vision, tremor, muscle twitching.


LORAZEPAM

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of anxiety; recommended for short-term use of up to 4 weeks.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: For moderate and severe anxiety commonly 1-4 mg daily in divided doses. As with all benzodiazepines long-term use may lead to dependence and withdrawal symptoms in certain patients. All patients taking lorazepam should be carefully monitored and routine repeat prescriptions should be avoided. Treatment in all patients should be withdrawn gradually with careful monitoring and reassessment to minimise possible withdrawal symptoms. Patients who have taken benzodiazepines for a long time may require a longer period during which doses are reduced. the elderly may respond to lower doses and half the normal adult dose or less may be sufficient.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Daytime drowsiness; confusion, headache, dizziness, nausea, depression, change in appetite and sleep disturbance; blood dyscrasias and abnormal liver function tests; visual disturbances, hypotension, gastro-intestinal disturbances, skin rashes. The use of benzodazepines may release suicidal tendencies in depressed patients. Lorazepam should not be used alone to treat depression.


LOSEC

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of oesophageal reflux disease. Treatment of duodenal and benign gastric ulcers.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Usually once a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Skin rash, urticaria and pruritis; photosensitivity, bullous eruption, erythema multiforme, angioedema and alopecia; diarrhoea, headache; constipation, nausea/vomiting, flatulence and abdominal pain; stomatitis and candidiasis; paraesthesia; dizziness, lightheadedness and feeling faint; somnolence, insomnia and vertigo; reversible mental confusion, agitation, depression and hallucinations; arthritic and myalgic symptoms; blurred vision, taste disturbance, peripheral oedema, increased sweating, gynaecomastia, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, malaise, fever, bronchospasm; encephalopathy in patients with pre-existing severe liver disease, hepatitis with or without jaundice, interstitial nephritis and hepatic failure.


LUSTRAL

POSSIBLE REASONS TO TAKE IT MAY INCLUDE: For the treatment of symptoms of depressive illness.

HOW IT IS PRESCRIBED: Once a day.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE: Dry mouth, nausea, diarrhoea, ejaculatory delay, tremor, increased sweating, dyspepsia, insomnia, somnolence.





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